The shortest commercial flight in the world is in the air for just 57 seconds — and it costs £36 ($51) return.
The route from airline Loganair, the only major UK airline owned and headquartered in Scotland, covers 1.7 miles between the two islands of Westray and Papa Westray, near the mainland of Orkney, an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland.
The flights are serviced by two, eight-seater Britten-Norman Islanders, and while the flight takes an average of one and a half minutes — making it the shortest scheduled route in the world — the quickest time on record is 57 seconds in the air “in a favourable wind,” according to the airline.
This video shows the exact route of the flight:
Islanders, teachers, doctors, police officers, and “even the local banker” use the service, according to Loganair, which costs £36 on a day return or £45 for a “sightseer fare.”
“They’ve all been very receptive of me coming in and playing,” Ruschel said. “At first, they thought I was another football coach on our first day of camp. And whenever I got in line to get pads, they were like ‘wait a minute, you’re playing?’”
Ruschel is 49 years old, which for most prospective freshman student athletes, may pose too much a challenge. Not quite for the 17-year-long active duty member currently in the North Dakota Army National Guard.
“So, I’ve been surrounded by young people throughout my military career,” Ruschel said. “So on and off the field, these guys are really, truly tremendous, I try and instill being punctual, being awake, just doing my hardest. Working to strive to do my best every day at practice and also during games.”
Head Coach Eric Issendorf sees this too, the former 90s Wildcat player just a year younger than Ruschel.
“He’s always in a good mood, he’s always just Ray,” Coach Issendorf said. “He’s always in a good mood, just ready to work and do what he can for his teammates.”
“Overall, everybody’s been very welcoming and helpful in everything I ask,” Ruschel said.
I also thought it was really interesting to understand that the brain scanner shows that when your brain is activated in this way, we’re driven as humans to find this object or substance that we’re craving. This really helped me understand why, from a biological perspective, I was desperate to contact my ex, even though he clearly had no interest in contacting me.
The closest thing I got to a solution here was every time I wanted to message him, I would write the message down in the notes part of my phone. If I still wanted to send the message in 24 hours, then I would allow myself to. The interesting thing is that 99% of the time when it got to 24 hours later, I actually couldn’t think of anything worse than sending him the message I wrote down. It was always highly emotional, so dramatic and was literally telling him how much I loved and missed him, and I couldn’t believe that he had done this to me.
Over time, instead of just putting down sporadic messages that I wanted to send him, I also started to write down longer form thoughts and feelings about him and our breakup. It was as if I was writing a letter to him. I ended up writing it and rewriting it to the point that it became such a cathartic exercise, but it also got me out of the addiction cycle of wanting to open up a conversation with him.
I’m not sure if this will work for everyone, but for me it definitely felt like a way that I could almost engage with him without actually engaging with him.
I also know that one day, if we ever speak again, I will put all of my thoughts down on paper and we will be able to have a rational, emotionally mature and balanced conversation because I have processed everything already.
McDonald’s has some really bad ideas when it comes to convincing kids to healthier. Case in point: The chain’s bright idea to create bubble gum-flavored broccoli. According to Business Insider, McDonald’s CEO Don Thompson revealed during an event last night that alongside reducing french fry serving sizes and introducing milk, the chain also engineered the broccoli to make kids meals more nutritious.
Not surprisingly, they the candy-flavored cruciferous didn’t exactly taste good. In the worlds of Thompson, “It wasn’t all that.” Turns out kids were quite “confused” by the taste resulting in the idea being a total failure. Other awful ideas McDonald’s has recently had? Not-really-chorizo chorizo burritos.
In celebration of what would have been his 108th birthday.
By Pauline France
More than 70 years ago, Leo Fender founded Fender and subsequently changed the face of music as we know it with countless inventions and innovations.
Now, in celebration of what would have been Leo Fender’s 108th birthday, here is a list of eight facts that you might not have known about him (with an assist from his widow, Phyllis Fender):
1. He Was Born in a Barn in 1909, and His Parents Were in Agriculture
Leo, whose full name was Clarence Leonidas Fender, was born on Aug. 10, 1909, on his parents’ ranch in Orange County. Back then, the property straddled the border between Fullerton and Anaheim.
Leo’s parents grew vegetables, melons and oranges and sold their produce from a truck in Long Beach.
2. He Didn’t Play Guitar, but Did Play Saxophone (and Dabbled in Piano)
Leo wasn’t a guitarist, and legend says he didn’t know how to tune a guitar either. This obviously didn’t deter him from creating the most popular electric guitars in the world.
He wasn’t, however, entirely unaccomplished with playing musical instruments. He became interested in music during grammar school and took piano lessons, but switched to saxophone.
His interest in sax didn’t last long, though, as his affinity for radio and electronics took precedence.
3. His Uncle Is Greatly Responsible for Leo’s Love of Electronics
Leo Fender’s uncle John West helped pique Leo’s interest in electronics.
West ran an auto shop in Santa Maria, Calif., and mailed Leo a package of discarded electric automobile parts for Christmas.
Leo visited his uncle’s shop a year later, and was fascinated by a homemade radio he saw there. This was a defining moment for Leo, and one that propelled his fervent curiosity for radio and sound.
4. A Health Condition Prevented Him from Being Drafted for World War II
Leo’s left eye was replaced by a glass eye when he developed a tumor at just 8 years old. Because of this, he was not eligible for conscription for World War II, unlike the man who would eventually become his peer and a powerful sales and marketing force for Fender, Don Randall.
Had Leo been drafted, he might not have had much time to tinker with electronics. Much worse, the world might’ve missed out on some of the greatest musical inventions of all time (like the Telecaster and Stratocaster). Let that sink in for a while.
5. He Was an Accounting Major
Contrary to popular belief, Leo had no formal training in electrical engineering.
He actually majored in accounting at Fullerton Junior College and worked as a bookkeeper for an ice company, the California Highway Department and a tire company.
His heart, however, always stayed true to electronics, and after losing his job at the tire company, he set up Fender’s Radio Service in Fullerton. That’s where the real magic began.
6. He Married Twice, but Had No Children
Leo married his first wife Esther in 1934. They remained together until she died of cancer in 1979.
Leo married his second wife Phyllis in 1980 and remained together until his death in 1991.
He had no children from either marriage.
7. He Loved Cameras and Boats
When speaking to Phyllis about the lesser-known side of Leo, she shared candid details about his non-musical hobbies: cameras and boats.
“Leo was not interested in pictures, but rather the camera itself,” said Phyllis. “Camera companies would send him their newest cameras, and he would go out and take pictures of the trash cans.”
As far as his photography skills, that wasn’t necessarily his forte, according to Phyllis.
“He was a horrible photographer,” Phyllis said with a laugh. “When we went on vacation, it looked like we went on two separate vacations because I took pictures of sunsets and flowers, and Leo would take pictures of gears and motors.”
Leo also loved boats, owned at least three, and even acted as a consultant for a boat company.
“Leo would help a manufacturer in the Bay Area design boats,” said Phyllis. “They would send blueprints back and forth, and when they agreed on a design, they’d build it and send it to Leo.”
Phyllis also mentioned that Leo and his longtime friend and business partner, George Fullerton, cruised in the boats almost every weekend in Catalina Island, Calif.
8. He Died in 1991 after Battling Parkinson’s Disease.
It’s been 26 years since Leo passed away on March 21, 1991, from complications with Parkinson’s disease. He was 81 years old.
He is buried next to his first wife, Esther, in Fairhaven Memorial Park in Santa Ana, Calif.
Staying true to his character, Leo worked until the day before his death doing exactly what he loved.
Victor Hugo is rightly remembered for his amazing literary output, and for his philanthropic work as a member of France’s National Assembly, campaigning for an end to poverty, free education for all children and the abolition of the death penalty. But he was also incredibly eccentric and libidinous, with a penchant for writing while starkers, and armed with a party trick – swallowing oranges whole.
The BBC remake of Les Misérables seeks to upturn what we think we know about the story, looking beyond the musical to the pages of the novel it came from. But what if we take a step further, looking beyond the pages to the man behind them? The stripped back (in more ways than one) Hugo is far more interesting than he’s given credit for.
Hugo was probably the 19th-century’s most prolific sex addict
Hugo’s insistent retellings of the story of his own conception might be explained by the fact that the guy was obsessed with sex. He claimed that on their wedding night he and his wife Adèle Foucher had sex nine times. Foucher reportedly lost interest in intercourse altogether – but 19th-century Paris had enough brothels to keep Hugo entertained morning, evening and night. Venerated as a saint (albeit only in the Vietnamese religion of Cao Dai), when Hugo died the brothels of Paris closed down for a day of mourning, allowing all the city’s sex workers to pay their last respects to a loyal client. Literary critic Edmond de Goncourt claimed a police officer told him that sex workers even draped their genitals in black crepe as a mark of respect.
He loved a party …
For much of his life, Hugo reportedly hosted around 30 guests for dinner every night. His party trick was to shove an entire orange in his mouth then fill his cheeks with as many lumps of sugar as possible. He’d then churn it all up in his mouth and glug down two glasses of kirsch before swallowing the lot. Neat.
It’s probably quite difficult not to let your ego inflate when you’re so famous that the street you live on is renamed after you – Hugo spent his last few years on Avenue Victor Hugo, having letters addressed to him as “Mr Victor, in his avenue, Paris”. Prior to that, Hugo lived for 15 years on the Channel Island of Guernsey, where he wrote poetry and the majority of Les Misérables. He was so well-known even there that fans would take home pebbles that he had stepped on as mementos.
At his dinner parties, Hugo would list the reasons why he was superior to Balzac, Racine and while he was at it, all other French writers. (The orange trick may have been secretly devised by guests as a way to get him to shut up.) And in 1881, in celebration of his entering his 80th year, a national holiday was decreed, all school punishments were lifted and Hugo sat and waved at a procession of 600,000 people as they wandered past his front door.
The champion of the poor and miserable was never poor and miserable
When negotiating payment with his publisher for Les Misérables, Hugo famously declared that he wanted to be paid more than anyone else had ever been paid to write a book. Biographer David Bellos claims that the 300,000 francs (around £3m in today’s money) Hugo received still remains the highest figure ever paid for a work of literature.
Luckily for the publisher, the investment paid off: Les Misérables was so hotly anticipated that Parisian workers queued up at bookshops with wheelbarrows to fill with newly purchased copies, to later sell to colleagues for profit. Possibly not quite the solution to urban poverty Hugo had in mind …
Hugo would hide his own clothes to avoid procrastination
When working on a novel, Hugo spent most of his days locked up inside his study with nothing but a pen and paper. Literally nothing: it may be apocryphal but multiple sources state that Hugo would remove his clothes and give them to his servants, with instructions not to return them until he’d finished a chapter.
In her memoirs, Hugo’s wife wrote that, while writing The Hunchback of Notre Dame, the author purchased “a huge grey knitted shawl, which swathed him from head to foot, locked his formal clothes away so that he would not be tempted to go out and entered his novel as if it were a prison. He was very sad.” Whatever it takes.
After Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull was released, a new pop culture term was coined. Nuke The Fridge is a reference to the film’s opening scene (possible spoilers if you haven’t seen it) where Indiana Jones finds himself on a Nuclear test site and hides in a refrigerator to survive the atomic blast. The phrase Nuke The Fridge was joined as an alternative to Jump The Shark, another pop culture term based on a scene in an episode of Happy Days when Fonzie literally jumps over a shark while water skiing. The scene was considered so preposterous, and is considered by many to signify the moment in time when the show became unappealing to its core audience.
How Back To The Future Almost Nuked The Fridge
BY PETER SCIRETTA/JULY 15, 2009 6:00 AM EDT After Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull was released, a new pop culture term was coined. Nuke The Fridge is a reference to the film’s opening scene (possible spoilers if you haven’t seen it) where Indiana Jones finds himself on a Nuclear test site and hides in a refrigerator to survive the atomic blast. The phrase Nuke The Fridge was joined as an alternative to Jump The Shark, another pop culture term based on a scene in an episode of Happy Days when Fonzie literally jumps over a shark while water skiing. The scene was considered so preposterous, and is considered by many to signify the moment in time when the show became unappealing to its core audience.
In the original draft of Back To The Future, Marty McFly worked for Professor Brown, who was a movie bootlegger and the time machine was a laser device that was housed in a room. In the story’s climax, the device was attached to a refrigerator, and taken to the Nevada desert test site for the atomic bomb, where it was strapped into the back of a truck and driven into the atomic explosion in order to harness the power from the nuclear explosion. Marty had to climb into the fridge as the truck barreled towards ground zero.
Why was the idea scrapped? Director Robert Zemeckis has said in interviews that producer Steven Spielberg was afraid that children would start climbing into refrigerators and getting trapped inside, after replicating the scene in the film. Who would have thought that he would have made a film where the hero climbs into a fridge at a nuclear test site almost 25 years later.
Zemeckis still believed that the time machine should move, and they came up with the idea of using a retrofitted DeLorean because it could lead to the gag of farmer Peabody thinking it was a UFO/Aliens. The concept of the Hill Valley courthouse didn’t come until much later. Even the third draft of the screenplay involved taking the DeLorean time machine to the atomic bomb test site. The idea was scrapped because it was deemed too expensive for the budget. ILM wanted one million dollars to create the bomb effect, and at that time, that was a lot of money. The power source was changed to lightening and the location was changed to the Hill Valley courthouse, which they filmed on the Universal Backlot.
Art director Andrew Probert was hired onto the project, and actually storyboarded the Nevada Atomic Bomb Test Site sequence from the third draft before the idea was scrapped. Probert presented the storyboarded sequence at DMC event, and you can watch the film’s original third-draft ending embedded below.
The film dodged another bullet as it was almost released under the titled “Spaceman From Pluto.” Universal president Sidney Sheinberg was convinced that no movie with “Future” in the title had ever been successful. Coming off the hugely successful E.T., Sheinberg loved the idea of Marty being mistaken as an Alien, and sent a memo suggested the “Spaceman From Pluto” title, and included a bunch of suggestions on how to incorporate the idea better into the story. Zemeckis was freaked out, and everyone was afraid to argue with Sheinberg about his new idea. Spielberg eventually dictated a memo back to Sheinberg saying “Dear Sid, Thank you for your most humorous memo. We got a big laugh out of it. Keep ’em coming.” Spielberg said that Sheinberg would be so embarrassed to tell them that he was actually serious, and that they’d probably never hear from him again. And Spielberg was right.
It does seem pretty conclusive that on a per calorie basis healthy foods are generally more expensive than junk foods.
This means that healthier foods – like fruits, vegetables, and lean meats – are more expensive for any given number of calories than heavily processed junk foods, which contain more simple carbs and trans fats.
And while this may not seem like a lot, at $550 more per year this can add up – especially when considering the costs of buying food for a few people.
Is That The Full Story?
Well, as you might have guessed, the story doesn’t quite end there…
You see, even though it does seem like junk food is cheaper than healthy food, on a per calorie basis, this can be a bit misleading.
Indeed, according to a recent USDA study, vegetables, fruits, and other healthy foods can actually be more affordable than junk foods, in terms of making you feel full and satisfying you.
For instance, a pack of potato chips is unlikely to satisfy you as much as a serving of black beans, even though the potato chips might be 200-300 calories compared to 100ish calories of black beans.
And if you ate 200-300 calories worth of black beans, you’d be considerably more full than from a comparable number of potato chip calories…
The study concludes that when looked at in terms of their volume and weight, healthyfoods do not seem to be more expensive than junk foods, even if they often contain fewer calories.
And since many of us want to be consuming fewer calories anyway – while still feeling full, satisfied, and eating a decent overall volume of food – this can actually provide an added benefit of switching over to healthier foods, without an increase in cost.
To quote the USDA study author Andrea Carlson directly: “This is great news for all getting by with a limited food budget. You don’t have to compromise good nutrition.”
In short, healthy food both is and isn’t more expensive than junk food, depending on how you look at it.
On a per calorie basis, it is certainly more expensive than many junk foods, which are generally far more calorie-dense.
However, when you look at it in terms of both satiety and volume, many healthier foods are often more filling for the cost, even when they provide a lower number of calories.
This means that if you want to lose weight, you shouldn’t shy away from healthier foods just because of the perceived higher costs.
Instead, even though calorie-for-calorie these healthy foods can be more expensive, the fact that they also tend to be more filling will allow you to consume fewer of them while still feeling satisfied and losing weight.
And, of course, that is without even getting into the numerous nutritional benefits of eating a greater number of ‘healthy’ foods, such as taking in more protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals,
So now that you know the truth about the real cost of eating healthy, check out this follow-up article, which is all about how to go about eating healthy foods on budget.
If you do the math, that works out to 16.4 million misinformed, milk-drinking people. The equivalent of the population of Pennsylvania (and then some!) does not know that chocolate milk is milk, cocoa and sugar.
But while the survey has attracted snorts and jeers from some corners — “um, guys, [milk] comes from cows — and not just the brown kind,” snarked Food & Wine — the most surprising thing about this figure may actually be that it isn’t higher.
For decades, observers in agriculture, nutrition and education have griped that many Americans are basically agriculturally illiterate. They don’t know where food is grown, how it gets to stores — or even, in the case of chocolate milk, what’s in it.
One Department of Agriculture study, commissioned in the early ’90s, found that nearly 1 in 5 adults did not know that hamburgers are made from beef. Many more lacked familiarity with basic farming facts, like how big U.S. farms typically are and what food animals eat.
Experts in ag education aren’t convinced that much has changed in the intervening decades.
“At the end of the day, it’s an exposure issue,” said Cecily Upton, co-founder of the nonprofit FoodCorps, which brings agricultural and nutrition education into elementary schools. “Right now, we’re conditioned to think that if you need food, you go to the store. Nothing in our educational framework teaches kids where food comes from before that point.”
Upton and other educators are quick to caution that these conclusions don’t apply across the board. Studies have shown that people who live in agricultural communities tend to know a bit more about where their food comes from, as do people with higher education levels and household incomes.
But in some populations, confusion about basic food facts can skew pretty high. When one team of researchers interviewed fourth-, fifth- and sixth-graders at an urban California school, they found that more than half of them didn’t know pickles were cucumbers, or that onions and lettuce were plants. Four in 10 didn’t know that hamburgers came from cows. And 3 in 10 didn’t know that cheese is made from milk.
“All informants recalled the names of common foods in raw form and most knew foods were grown on farms or in gardens,” the researchers concluded. “They did not, however, possess schema necessary to articulate an understanding of post-production activities nor the agricultural crop origin of common foods.”
In some ways, this ignorance is perfectly logical. The writer and historian Ann Vileisis has argued that it developed in lockstep with the industrial food system.
As more Americans moved into cities in the mid-1800s, she writes in the book “Kitchen Literacy,” fewer were involved in food production or processing. That trend was exacerbated by innovations in transportation and manufacturing that made it possible to ship foods in different forms, and over great distances.
By the time uniformity, hygiene and brand loyalty became modern ideals — the latter frequently encouraged by emerging food companies in well-funded ad campaigns — many Americans couldn’t imagine the origins of the boxed cereals or shrink-wrapped hot dogs in their kitchens.
Today, many Americans only experience food as an industrial product that doesn’t look much like the original animal or plant: The USDA says orange juice is the most popular “fruit” in America, and processed potatoes — in the form of french fries and chips — rank among the top vegetables.
“Indifference about the origins and production of foods became a norm of urban culture, laying the groundwork for a modern food sensibility that would spread all across America in the decades that followed,” Vileisis wrote, of the 20th century. “Within a relatively brief period, the average distance from farm to kitchen had grown from a short walk down the garden path to a convoluted, 1,500-mile energy-guzzling journey by rail and truck.”
The past 20 years have seen the birth of a movement to reverse this gap, with agriculture and nutrition groups working to get ag education back into classrooms.
Aside from FoodCorps, which worked with slightly more than 100,000 students this year, groups like the National Agriculture in the Classroom Organization and the American Farm Bureau Foundation are actively working with K-12 teachers across the country to add nutrition, farm technology and agricultural economics to lessons in social studies, science and health. The USDA Farm to School program, which awarded $5 million in grants for the 2017-2018 school year on Monday, also funds projects on agriculture education.
For National Dairy Month, which is June, NACO has been featuring a kindergarten-level lesson on dairy. Among its main takeaways: milk — plain, unflavored, boring white milk — comes from cows, not the grocery case.
Nutritionists and food-system reformers say these basic lessons are critical to raising kids who know how to eat healthfully — an important aid to tackling heart disease and obesity.
Meanwhile, farm groups argue the lack of basic food knowledge can lead to poor policy decisions.
A 2012 white paper from the National Institute for Animal Agriculture blamed consumers for what it considers bad farm regulations: “One factor driving today’s regulatory environment … is pressure applied by consumers, the authors wrote. “Unfortunately, a majority of today’s consumers are at least three generations removed from agriculture, are not literate about where food comes from and how it is produced.”
Upton, of FoodCorps, said everyone could benefit from a better understanding of agriculture.
“We still get kids who are surprised that a french fry comes from a potato, or that a pickle is a cucumber,” she said. “… Knowledge is power. Without it, we can’t make informed decisions.”
Editor’s note: A previous version of this story incorrectly reported that the survey in question was commissioned by the National Dairy Council. It was actually commissioned by the Innovation Center of U.S. Dairy, its sister organization.
This is not all. The association argues that at least $60 billion is generated in sales annually by local vending machines. Leading the pack are vending dispensers for fast-moving items like sodas, water, hot foods, candies, and energy drinks. If you observe closely, you’ll notice that vending machines epitomize the Japanese culture. You’ll see print details of the Japanese lifestyle in the design of the vending machines.
Japan is undeniably the world’s leading vending machine nation. With so many vending units spread across the country, you can buy virtually anything found in a retail store or a restaurant. The vending machine technology is increasingly becoming advanced. So, we should expect more vending machine innovations in the future in Japan.